African Scientific Journal https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal <h2>Objectives and scope</h2> <p>African Scientific Journal is a peer-reviewed scientific journal published in Six issues per year. It aims to promote scientific research in economic sciences and management in Africa while publishing original articles or articles adapted to a given context. ASJ strives to become a crossroads of academic achievement from around the world. Working for internationally recognized scientific publications, it brings together authors from different countries and universities, thereby ensuring the transfer of knowledge and the sharing of best practices.</p> <p>● Papers are accepted in English, French or Arabic.</p> <p>● Submissions in the social sciences (Humanities, Life Sciences, Medical and Natural Sciences) dealing with issues related to economic development are welcome.</p> <p> </p> African Scientific Journal en-US African Scientific Journal 2658-9311 WORK-FAMILY BALANCE: AN EMERGING ISSUE IN MOROCCO https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/100 <p><strong>Abstract :</strong></p> <p>The interest in work-life interface is due to several sociodemographic changes in the world&nbsp;: feminization of work, increase in homogamy, struggle for gender equality. During last years, generational expectations confirm this interest. The Generation Y employees ask for more than linear and hierarchical progression within the organization, they want to have a lifestyle allowing them to balance their existence between work, family,leisure …Work seems to be less central to their lives&nbsp;! (Jean M. Twenge ,2013)</p> <p>In Morocco, many of those changes took place in last decades.&nbsp; In this context we tought that it is important to underestand the place of work-family interface in Morroco. Our study has the aim to understand the societal changes which impact the work-life interface and to explore if companies take this issue in consideration. By this paper we are exploring the situation of the work-family interface through an analysis of the organizational and societal changes.</p> <p>Since the aim of this study is comprhensive, an inductive and interpretative approach is appropriate (Yin 2003). The study was based in a qualitative design and interpretitive approcah (Sandberg, 2005) through semi-structured interviews with experts&nbsp;: human ressources directors, HR consultant, sociologists and psychologists. This paper gives a descreiptive overview about the societal level&nbsp; and&nbsp; organisational level .</p> <p>The results shows that many changes affects the work-family interface which is rather conflictual in Morocco specially for women. The companies has some practices which are informal in the majority.</p> <p><strong>Keywords: Work-family balance,Family Friendly Practices, HR Practices, HRM, Morocco</strong>&nbsp;<strong>JEL Classification</strong><strong>: M12 Personnel Management, Executives. Executive Compensation</strong></p> FARAH Asmaa Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 001 001 10.5281/zenodo.5675241 The importance of considering higher order moments in portfolio optimization https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/108 <p>This research paper discusses the importance of incorporating higher order moments in optimizing a stock portfolio when the returns of those stocks don’t follow a Gaussian law. In this context, our research work illustrates, through an empirical study on a sample of 20 stocks listed on the Casablanca Stock Exchange, how to optimize a portfolio when returns are not normally distributed, especially in an emerging financial market like that of Morocco. where stock returns have thick distribution tails.</p> <p>The study demonstrated that portfolio optimization by integrating higher order moments is a multi-objective optimization whose outcome depends on investor preferences. The study also demonstrated that the use of "mean-variance" optimization, when returns are not distributed normally, can direct investors to a higher level of return than what is in reality.</p> <p><strong>Résumé</strong></p> <p>Ce papier de recherche traite de l’importance de l’intégration des moments d’ordre supérieur dans l’optimisation d’un portefeuille d’actions lorsque les rendements de ces actions ne suivent pas une loi gaussienne. Dans ce cadre, notre travail de recherche illustre, à travers une étude empirique sur un échantillon de 20 actions cotées à la bourse de Casablanca, comment optimiser un portefeuille lorsque les rendements ne sont pas distribués normalement surtout dans un marché financier émergent comme celui du Maroc où les rendements des actions ont des queues de distribution épaisses.</p> <p>L’étude a démontré que l’optimisation du portefeuille en intégrant les moments d’ordre supérieur est une optimisation multi-objectifs dont le résultat dépend des préférences des investisseurs. L’étude a démontré aussi que l’utilisation de l’optimisation «moyenne-variance», lorsque les rendements ne sont pas distribués normalement, peut diriger les investisseurs vers un niveau de rendement plus élevé que celui jugé véritable.</p> <p><strong>Mots clés&nbsp;:&nbsp;</strong>Moyenne-Variance, optimisation du portefeuille, non-normalité des rendements, moments d'ordre supérieur.</p> <div id="preview" class="panel panel-default">&nbsp;</div> Lahbous Adam Zammar Rachid Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 126 126 10.5281/zenodo.5717840 Personality in vocational choice: approaches, contributions and perspectives for research https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/105 <p><strong>Résumé</strong></p> <p>Le choix vocationnel est un sujet de recherche dans plusieurs disciplines et intéresse tant ceux qui travaillent en sciences de l’éducation, que ceux en marketing et en psychologie.&nbsp; Il relève de la motivation individuelle et professionnelle et oriente les décisions quant aux choix&nbsp;de formations et d’institutions. Cette revue de littérature analytique se situe dans l’intersection entre deux disciplines&nbsp;: le comportement du consommateur et la psychologie.&nbsp; Ce travail se donne pour objectif de présenter et analyser les différentes méthodes mobilisées dans la recherche sur l’influence de la personnalité sur le choix vocationnel, afin de générer les apports de chaque méthode et leurs perspectives globales pour la recherche dans ce domaine. Nous avons sélectionné 28 articles selon quatre critères : la récence, le champ d’étude, la population étudiée, et l’isolation de la personnalité comme variable étudiée, en excluant les travaux qui portent sur l’intérêt et&nbsp;/ou les variables démographiques. A partir des résultats, nous avons observé une littérature fragmentée et athéorique&nbsp;; des recherches spécifiques et pointues&nbsp;; et des recherches concentrées dans les pays développés avec une prévalence des méthodes quantitatives. Une discussion des résultats escomptés ainsi que les perspectives et implications de ces derniers pour la recherche sont présentées à la fin.</p> <p><strong>Mots clés&nbsp;:</strong>&nbsp;Choix vocationnel, Personnalité, Processus de décision.</p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>Vocational choice is subject to research in several disciplines and is of interest to those working in educational sciences, as well as those in marketing and psychology. It is a matter of individual and professional motivation and guides the decisions regarding the choice of majors and institutions. This analytical review of literature lies at the intersection of two disciplines: consumer behavior and psychology. Our objective is to present and analyze the different methods used to measure the influence of personality on vocational choice, in order to generate the contributions of each method and their overall perspectives for future research in this field. We have selected 28 articles based on four criteria: recency, field of study, the population under study, and the isolation of personality as an independent variable, while excluding work that focuses on interest and / or demographic variables. From the results, we observed a fragmented and atheoretical literature; specific and focused research; and research concentrated in developed countries with a prevalence of quantitative methods. A discussion of the above-stated results as well as their perspectives and implications for future research are presented at the end.</p> <p><strong>Keywords:</strong>&nbsp;Vocational choice, Personality, Decision process.</p> Houda EL FERACHI Mounia CHERKAOUI Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 095 095 10.5281/zenodo.5648223 La Finance Islamique au cœur de la réalisation du développement durable : Cas des sukuks verts https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/103 <p><strong>Résumé</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>Cet article traite l’importance des «&nbsp;<em>sukuks&nbsp;</em>» verts sous l’angle de sa contribution à la mise en place de l’Accord de Paris. Dans un premier point nous donnerons un bref aperçu sur le rôle de la finance islamique dans la promotion du développement durable. Le deuxième focalisera sur les réponses que cette finance alternative propose aux questions environnementales et sociales. Enfin, nous évoquerons les principales conclusions et les recommandations pour une gestion saine de l’environnement. Nous proposerons dans ce dernier point une feuille de route qui conduirait les décideurs à créer un marché vert de «&nbsp;<em>sukuk&nbsp;»</em>&nbsp;au Maroc.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Mots clés&nbsp;:</strong>&nbsp;Finance verte, RSE, ESG, Finance Islamique, Finance Conventionnelle, les projets d’énergie renouvelable, développement durable,&nbsp; obligations vertes, «&nbsp;<em>sukuks&nbsp;»</em>&nbsp;verts.&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This article discusses the importance of green «&nbsp;<em>sukuks&nbsp;»</em>&nbsp;and its role in achieving the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs). In a first point we will give a brief overview on the role of Islamic finance in promoting sustainable development. The second will focus on the answers that this alternative finance offers to environmental and social issues. Finally, we will discuss the main conclusions and recommendations for sound environmental management. We will propose in this last point a roadmap that would lead the decision makers to create a green market of «&nbsp;<em>sukuk&nbsp;»</em>&nbsp;in Morocco.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Keywords:&nbsp;</strong>Green Finance, CSR, ESG, Islamic Finance, Conventional Finance, Renewable Energy Projects, Sustainable Development, Green Bonds, Green «&nbsp;<em>sukuks&nbsp;»</em>.</p> Anass TOUIL Zakaria BENJOUID Aziz BABOUNIA Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 053 053 10.5281/zenodo.5625047 Impact of the proliferation of boreholes on the quantitative state of groundwater in the municipality of Ratoma - Conakry https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/111 <p>Groundwater is an essential resource to meet the water needs of populations. Catchment structures (boreholes, wells, etc.) are used for its operation. In Ratoma, this resource is requested by the population to make up for the increasingly growing deficit in drinking water. This intense exploitation is explained by a low water supply (29,737.8m3 / d) compared to demand (38,514.2m3 / d). To make up for this deficit, the population makes massive use of groundwater through boreholes. The massive creation of water wells without advice from the authorities is a threat to the sustainability of the resource. In this case, the proliferation of boreholes can have an impact or even an impact on groundwater. Analysis of this situation has shown us that the state of the groundwater in Ratoma is threatened. So to measure the impact of these boreholes, we used an analytical approach by comparison of quantitative parameters, a quantitative hydrogeology approach, for the groundwater exploitation periods of 1985 and 2020. A sample of 1167 boreholes was determined for this study. The analysis of groundwater pumping practices by the population of Ratoma was not addressed in this study.</p> <p><strong>Résumé</strong></p> <p>L’eau souterraine est une ressource indispensable pour satisfaire les besoins en eau des populations. On utilise les ouvrages de captage (forage, puits, …) pour son exploitation. A Ratoma, cette ressource est sollicitée par la population pour combler le déficit de plus en plus accru en eau potable. Cette exploitation intense s’explique par une offre (29.737,8m<sup>3</sup>/j) en eau faible par rapport à la demande (38.514,2m<sup>3</sup>/j). Pour combler ce déficit, la population fait recours massif aux eaux souterraines à travers les forages.&nbsp; La création massive des forages d’eau sans avis des autorités, est une menace pour la durabilité de la ressource. Dans ce cas, la prolifération des forages peut avoir une incidence voire impact sur les eaux souterraines. L’analyse de cette situation nous a permis, de constater que l’état des eaux souterraines à Ratoma est menacé. Ainsi pour mesurer l’incidence de ces forages, nous avons utilisé une approche d'analyse par comparaison des paramètres quantitatifs, une approche d’hydrogéologie quantitative, pour les périodes d’exploitation des eaux souterraines de 1985 et 2020. Un échantillon de 1167 forages fut déterminé pour cette étude. Il n’a pas été abordé dans cette étude l’analyse des pratiques de pompage des eaux souterraines par la population de Ratoma.</p> <p><strong>Mots clés&nbsp;:&nbsp;</strong>Eau souterraine, Forages, Caractérisation des pompages, incidence des forages.&nbsp;&nbsp;</p> NINAMOU Tökpö DIAKITE Siné Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 187 187 10.5281/zenodo.5727147 New career models : Is it the end of traditional careers ? https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/101 <p><strong>Abstract :</strong></p> <p>Career management is a field of study that has recently seen the emergence of models that involve a certain fragmentation in the discipline's body of knowledge, including modern career models, whose emergence has contributed to the enrichment of the discipline, while at the same time creating confusion.</p> <p>Through this article, we attempt to answer, through a critical literature review, the question: will the classical career model cease to exist in the face of new career models?</p> <p>In reviewing the various research studies conducted on the subject, we believe that although no one can deny the existence of new career models, the traditional career remains the ideal sought by the majority of employees</p> <p><strong>Keywords: Boudrayless career, protean career, traditional career, career theory, KCM, post-corporate carrer.</strong></p> SIRAGI Fatima Ezzahra FAHMI Sanaa Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 021 021 10.5281/zenodo.5594126 Islamic finance and financial inclusion : a comparative study between WAEMU and MENA https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/109 <p>This study aims to show the influence of Islamic finance on financial inclusion. It was done by a comparative study between countries with a good indicator of development of Islamic finance (North African countries) and those without (West African Economic and Monetary Union) over the period from 2011 to 2020. In this regard, a parametric Student's t-test is performed to carry out this comparison. This test compares two independent samples. The results confirm our hypothesis that Islamic finance contributes to financial inclusion.</p> <p>Furthermore, these results show the added value that this financial system can bring to these countries and open up the literature for future research in the same field. As Islamic finance is still in its infancy in these countries, the literature is sparse and the work that has been done on the subject is limited to theory. However, these shortcomings make this study original.</p> <p><strong>Résumé</strong></p> <p>Cette étude a pour objectif de montrer l'influence de la finance islamique sur l'inclusion financière. Elle a été faite par une étude comparative entre les pays ayant un bon indicateur de développement de la finance islamique (pays d'Afrique du Nord) et ceux qui n'en ont pas (Union économique et monétaire ouest-africaine) sur la période de 2011 à 2020. À cet égard, Un test paramétrique t de Student est réalisé pour mener à bien cette comparaison.</p> <p>Ce test permet de comparer deux échantillons indépendants. Ainsi, Les résultats confirment notre hypothèse selon laquelle la finance islamique participe à l'inclusion financière.</p> <p>En outre, Ces résultats montrent la valeur ajoutée que ce système financier peut apporter dans ces pays et font une ouverture dans la littérature pour les futures recherches dans la même branche. La finance islamique n'étant qu'à ses balbutiements dans ces pays, la littérature est peu abondante et les travaux qui ont été réalisés sur le sujet se limitent à la théorie.</p> <p>&nbsp;Cependant, ces lacunes font donc l'originalité de cette étude.</p> <p><strong>Mots clés :</strong>&nbsp;finance islamique ; inclusion financière ; service financier ; banque ; développement.</p> YOUSSOUF Ali Bamba EL HACHLOUFI Mostafa Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 142 142 10.5281/zenodo.5727038 Effects and interaction between FDI, human capital and economic growth: literature review https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/106 <p><strong>Résumé</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp;&nbsp; Ce papier a pour objectif de mettre en lumière l’interaction entre l’IDE, le capital humain et la croissance économique. Pour ce faire, nous avons passé en revue 50 articles qui traitent l’impact des investissements directs étrangers sur la croissance économique en présence du capital humain en tant que catalyseur de cet impact. L’analyse de cette littérature nous a montré que les IDE contribuent positivement à la croissance économique des pays d’accueil. Néanmoins, cet impact positif est conditionné, essentiellement, par l’existence d’un niveau de capital humain suffisamment qualifié, et dépend de plusieurs facteurs tels que l’écart technologique entre le pays d’origine et le pays hôte, la nature et l’origine des IDE et le niveau du développement du pays d’accueil.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Mots clés :&nbsp;</strong>IDE, spillovers, Capital humain, croissance économique.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Abstract&nbsp;</strong></p> <p>This article aims to highlight the interaction between FDI, human capital and economic growth. For this purpose, we have reviewed 50 articles that discuss the impact of foreign direct investment on economic growth, in the presence of human capital as a catalyst for this impact. Analysis of this literature has shown us that FDI contributes positively to the economic growth of host countries. Nevertheless, this positive impact is conditioned by the existence of a sufficiently qualified level of human capital, and depends on several factors such as the technological gap between the country of origin and the host country, the nature and the origin of FDI and the development level of the host country.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong>: Foreign direct investment, spillovers, human capital, economic growth.</p> ANNAJI Hassane ZAHOUANI Chadia OUAZZANI Ahmed Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 126 126 10.5281/zenodo.5675198 Legal convergence in the service of sustainable development in Africa : -Reflections and prospects for leading Morocco to a successful African legal convergence - https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/104 <p><strong>الملخص</strong></p> <p>تسلط هذه الدراسة الضوء على إشكالية ربط القانون بالتنمية المستدامة، ولاسيما في جانب التقارب القانوني الإفريقي، وخاصة بتنزيله على تحقيق التنمية المستدامة في القارة الافريقية، والذي يقوم على تعاون الدول الافريقية فيما بينها من أجل ملائمة قوانينها، وذلك من أجل إيجاد أرضية قانونية متقاربة تساهم في تعزيز المناخ الاقتصادي والاجتماعي الداعم لتحقيق التنمية المستدامة، خاصة وأن الدراسة تأتي في شكل تأملات وتوقعات لما يمكن تحقيقه مستقبلا في ورش التقارب القانوني الافريقي، ولما يمكن للمغرب أن يقوم به من دور للقيادة والتنسيق في هذا الجانب، وخلصت الدراسة إلى أن المغرب له من المقومات والمؤهلات التقنية والموضوعية المرتبطة بالمجال القانوني، ما يمكن أن يجعله يلعب دور الريادة في قيادة وتنسيق جهود تحقيق التقارب القانوني الإفريقي، وربطه بجهود تحقيق التقارب القانوني البين قاري، أي التقارب القانوني الأوربي-الإفريقي، في اتجاه عولمة القانون.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This study highlights the problem of linking law to sustainable development, particularly on the side of African legal convergence, especially by downloading it to achieve sustainable development on the African continent,which is based on the cooperation of African States among themselves in order to ensure the adequacy of their laws, in order to create a legal platform that will contribute to strengthening the economic and social climate supportive of sustainable development, especially since the study is in the form of reflections and expectations of what can be achieved in the future in the African legal convergence workshops and thanks to the leadership and coordination role that Morocco can play in this regard,</p> <p>The study concluded that Morocco had technical and objective competencies and qualifications related to the legal field.Which could make it leading and coordinating African legal convergence efforts, and linking it to the efforts to bring the inter-continental legal convergence.That means Euro-African legal convergence towards the globalization of law.</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>كلمات مفتاحية</strong></p> <p>القانون، التقارب القانوني، التقارب القانوني الإفريقي، التنمية، التنمية المستدامة، التنمية المستدامة في إفريقيا، التقارب القانوني والتنمية المستدامة في افريقيا، المغرب والتقارب القانوني الإفريقي، قيادة التقارب القانوني الإفريقي.</p> <p><strong>Keywords</strong></p> <p>Law, Legal Convergence, African Legal Convergence, Development, Sustainable Development, Sustainable Development in Africa, Legal Convergence and Sustainable Development in Africa, Morocco and African Legal Convergence, Leading African Legal Convergence</p> الطريبق رضوان Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 076 076 10.5281/zenodo.5625222 Career anchors as a theoretical framework to analyze the innovative work behavior : Proposal of a research model https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/102 <p><strong>Résumé</strong></p> <p>Cet article met en lumière l’impact des orientations des carrières des salariés (ou plus précisément les ancres de carrière de Schein (1968, 1978, 1990)) sur le comportement d’innovation&nbsp;au sein de l’entreprise, et plus spécifiquement l’innovation technique chez les ingénieurs. Il s’agit d’analyser les déterminants du comportement d’innovation au niveau individuel, en fonction des orientations de carrière.&nbsp;</p> <p>Nous avons proposé, en se basant sur la théorie des ancres de carrière de Schein (1968, 1978, 1990), un modèle de recherche intégrant les ancres de carrière qui permettraient de déterminer le comportement d’innovation au niveau individuel, ainsi que les ancres complémentaires qui sont susceptibles de modérer le lien entre les ancres «&nbsp;créativité entrepreneuriale&nbsp;» et «&nbsp;compétence technique&nbsp;» d’une part, et le comportement d’innovation d’autre part.</p> <p><strong>Mots clés&nbsp;:</strong></p> <p><strong>Ancre de carrière, Créativité entrepreneuriale, Comportement d’innovation, Innovation</strong></p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p>&nbsp;</p> <p><strong>Abstract</strong></p> <p>This article highlights the impact of employees' career orientations (or more specifically Schein's career anchors (1968, 1978, 1990)) on innovative work behavior within the firm, especially the technical innovation among engineers. The aim is to analyze the determinants of innovation behavior at the individual level, based on employees’ career orientations.</p> <p>Based on Schein's theory of career anchors (1968, 1978, 1990), we have proposed a research model that integrates the career anchors that would determine innovation behavior at the individual level, as well as the complementary anchors that are likely to moderate the link between both anchors "entrepreneurial creativity" and "technical competence" at one end&nbsp;; and innovative behavior on the other end.</p> <p><strong>Keywords&nbsp;:</strong></p> <p><strong>Innovation, Innovative work behavior, Career anchor, entrepreneurial creativity</strong></p> SIRAGI Fatima Ezzahra, FAHMI Sanaa BENCHRIFA Hanaa Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 036 036 10.5281/zenodo.5594142 Effect of the Supreme State Audit action on the supply of public services in Cameroon in a context politicization of civil servants https://ojs.africanscientificjournal.com/index.php/AfricanScientificJournal/article/view/110 <p>To reduce deviant behaviour and the misuse of the discretionary power of the public manager, the State control bodies in Cameroon witnessed a reinforcement of their powers, which was intended to help improve the supply of public services in the short term.</p> <p>From an analysis of the organizational routines of the Supreme State Audit, this article aims to show that by trying to reduce asymmetric information and control the discretionary power of the public manager, these routines rather strengthen its “procedurally rational” behaviour through the process of selective adaptation and encourage bureaucratic management as an ideal type, the very source of inertia levelled at public authorities.</p> <p><strong>Résumé</strong></p> <p>Cet article ambitionne comprendre à partir d’une analyse des pratiques qui mobilisent les théories néo-institutionnaliste et évolutionniste, «&nbsp;En quoi les routines organisationnelles de contrôle de la gestion des Finances publiques du Contrôle Supérieur de l’État ne contribuent pas significativement à l’amélioration de l’offre des services publics par les structures contrôlées&nbsp;au Cameroun&nbsp;».</p> <p>Les résultats montrent que ces routines ont une dimension normative forte. Elles renforcent le comportement procéduralement rationnel du manager, générant un management bureaucratique comme idéal type, source de l’inertie des pouvoirs publics.</p> <p><strong>Mots clés</strong>&nbsp;: Contrôle Supérieur de l’État, Offre, Services publics</p> BAKITI ba MBOG BINYET Joseph Olivier Copyright (c) 2021 African Scientific Journal https://creativecommons.org/licenses/by-nc-nd/4.0 2021-10-30 2021-10-30 3 8 157 157 10.5281/zenodo.5727103